This laboratory, located in Wayne State University's Bioengineering Center, is equipped to study the injurious effects of non-lethal munitions as well as behind body armor effects. With 50 linear feet, the range is equipped to test up to .30 caliber rounds. The range is one of a few facilities where both live fire ammunitions and cadaveric specimens/animal surrogates can be tested.
The range is equipped to test according to the NIJ 0101.04 with an ESPEC ESL-2CA environmental chamber for completion of the backface signature test and full hand loading capabilities. Velocities are determined with an Oehler 35P chronograph with three model 57 screens measuring 16 X 26 internally. A rubber composite bullet trap (Caswell-Armor) is located at the remote end of the range.
A single, seven-foot lane culminates with a camera bay adjacent to a target field containing ARRI 1000 tungsten lights for high-speed videography. Two HG 100K color cameras are available providing high-speed video capabilities of up to 100,000 frames per second per camera. An additional Kodak 4540 camera is available with up to 40,000 frames per second capabilities. A total of 144 channels of A-to-D data collection are available in the range using the TDAS-Pro system (DTS Inc).
Firing can occur through one of three mechanisms: a universal receiver (H.S. Precision, Inc.), air cannon or firearm. A computerized control system operates the universal receiver, which can fire 9 mm, .357 Magnum, .44 Magnum, and 12 gauge ammunitions. The current air cannon system can fire 37 mm sub-munitions through the use of compressed gases. Both 37 and 40 mm launchers, a 12 gauge Remington 870, and a 12 gauge Benneli Nova are available as well.