Carol Miller

Carol Miller

Professor, Civil and Environmental Engineering

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Carol Miller


U.S. Chair, Great Lakes Science Advisory Board, International Joint Commission, 2015-Present.

Chair, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Wayne State University, 2007-2012.

Chair, Wayne State University Standing Committee on Environmental Initiatives, 2008-2015.

Chair, College of Engineering, Faculty Assembly, 2002-2004.

Director, WSU,Healthy Urban Waters, 2014-present.

Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Wayne State University, 1998 present.

Associate Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Wayne State University, 1989 - 1998.

Assistant Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Wayne State University, 1984 - 1989.

Project Engineer, STS Consultants, Ann Arbor, MI, 1982-1984. Performed water infrastructure analysis, flood, insurance studies, dam safety investigations, groundwater contamination remediation design, and waterway analysis.

Research Group

Director, Healthy Urban Waters:

Co-Founder and Research Director, Energy Emissions Intelligence,

Research Projects

  • Environmental Protection Agency – P3 Grant, PI. (6/01/2020-6/01/2021, $26,416), GSI-Informed Urban Groundwater Monitoring Networks. 
  • CIGLR, Co-PI, (A. Steinman), Groundwater in Crisis: Addressing Groundwater Challenge in Michigan as a Template for the Great Lakes Summit, 2021, $20,000. 
  • MDHHS, Co-PI (W. Schuster, PI), Dorm-level wastewater monitoring for SARS CoV-2 material: a process-based approach to inform early-warning and control (Wayne State U., Detroit MI) 2020-7510, $263,809.
  • CURES (NIEHS Center for Urban Responses to Stressors), PI, Exploring Mechanisms and Pathways of VOC Migration Beneath Detroit's Neighborhoods, 09/14/2020 – 03/31/2022, $65,000.
  • The Erb Family Foundation, PI, Healthy Urban Waters – Phase II, $800,000 (2018-2021).
  • National Science Foundation, PI, Rapid: Investigations and Analysis Associated with Massive Sewage Blockage, $80,000 (2019-20).
  • National Science Foundation, Field Stations and Marine Laboratories: HEART Field Stations for HEALTHY URBAN WATERS (2016-2018). PI
  • National Science Foundation, NRT: Transformative Research in Urban Sustainability and Training T-RUST, (2017-2021) $2,900,000; co-PI. (Donna Kashian, PI)
  • National Science Foundation, Identifying Generation and Emission Sources for Individual Loads at Specific Locations and Times: Toward Environmentally Sensitive and Guided Electricity Usage, (2015-2018) $359,965; co-PI. NSF, ECCS-1508910. (Caisheng Wang, PI)
  • National Institute of Health; National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (2016-2018), Rapid Response to Contaminants in Flint Drinking Water. $421,435 total, McElmurry, S.P.; Miller, C.J.; Pitts, D.K.; Sackey, D.J.; Seeger, M.; Masten, S.J.; Hanna-Attisha, M. McElmurry is PI
  • National Science Foundation, REU: Summer Academy in Sustainable Manufacturing (2016); faculty participant (Huang, Rickli co-PIs)
  • American Water Works Association (AWWA), (2016). Accelerating the Shift to Environmentally Sensitive Electricity through Collaborative Competition (GLPF project #1072). Total Grant $550,000. WSU portion $150,000. PI
  • Michigan Energy Office (2017-2018). PI. Benchmarking Energy Consumption in Detroit’s Municipal Buildings. $80,000. (two awards)
  • ERB Family Foundation, (2015-2018). PI. Healthy Urban Waters. $650,000
  • National Science Foundation (2015-16), CBET Award # 1541869, A Workshop for Integrative and Sustainable Food, Energy, and Water in Transitioning Urban Landscapes, $28,840. PI
  • National Science Foundation (2013-14), Field Station and Marine Laboratory Planning Grant: HEART Field Center. PI
  • US Army Corps of Engineers (2014-2016), Dam Capacity II - Analysis under Changing Climate: Modeling, Radionuclide Dating, and Analysis. PI
  • DTE Energy (2013-14), Evaluation of Pressure Surge Failure of PVC Piping in Power Plant Operation: Valve Closure Features. PI
  • NOAA, Michigan Sea Grant (2014 – 2016), Two-Stage Ditch Design in Macomb County, MI. PI
  • Great Lakes Protection Fund (2013-2015), Real-Time Energy Impact Monitors for Residential, Industrial and Policy Use. PI
  • State of Michigan (2014-2015), Beach Health Monitoring via Rapid Methods using qPCR: Pilot at Lake St. Clair
  • Michigan Department of Environmental Quality (2012-2014). Great Lakes Large Aquatic Ecosystem Data Exchange. Co-PI. 
  • Great Lakes Commission (2010-11), Delisting of Beneficial Use Impairments of the Detroit River Area of Concern. PI
  • Ford Motor Company (2011), Sustainable Technologies Workshops and Conference. PIURC (2010-11), Innovation in Water Science and Technology, Education and Entrepreneurship - Creating Michigan’s WaterHub through Academic-Government-Private Partnerships. co-PI with Love (UM) and Rose (MSU)
  • University of Detroit Mercy (2010), Incorporating Environmental Sustainability into Transit Oriented Development on Detroit LRT System. (PI: Khasnabis)
  • US Army Corps of Engineers (2009-12), Sediment Yield and Dam Capacity in the Great Lakes Watershed. PI
  • Great Lakes Protection Fund, Real-Time System Optimization for Sustainable Water Transmission and Distribution, Dr. Miller is PI, $1.5 Million, 2008-13.
  • National Science Foundation, Collaborative Project: Development of Materials for Teaching Design for Sustainability via Spiral Leaning co-PI with Guerra-Lopez, Boyle, Ku, and Huang (PI). 2007-2009.Michigan Dept. of Transportation and FHWA,A Critical Evaluation of Bridge Scour for Michigan-Specific Conditions, co-PIs: Dr. Miller and Dr. Carpenter (LTU). 2007-2010.
  • Wayne State University, Global Grant for Civil Engineering Education in Venezuela, Dr. Miller PI, 2005-06.
  • National Science Foundation Award No. EEC-0343086, The Urban Environment as the Cornerstone of a Civil Engineering Curriculum for the 21st Century Dr. Miller is PI, Dr. Usmen is co-PI. 2003-04.
  • American Water Works Association Research Foundation (AWWARF),Pharmaceuticals, Personal Care Products and Endocrine Disruptors --Occurrence, Fate and Transport in the Great Lakes Water Supplies and the Effect of Advanced Treatment Processes on Their Removal Dr. Miller is co-PI, Sept. 2003-2005.
  • Detroit DWSD, Pump System Training for DWSD System Engineers, Dr. Miller is PI, Summer 2003.



Miller, C.J., Runge-Morris M, Cassidy-Bushrow AE, Straughen JK, Dittrich TM, Baker TR, Petriello MC, Mor G, Ruden D, O’Leary B, Teimoori S, Tummala C, Heldman S, Agarwal M, Roth K, Yang Z, Baker BB. 2020. A review of volatile organic compound contamination in post-industrial urban centers: reproductive health implications using a Detroit lens. Int J Environ Res Public Health; 17(23), 8755;

Wang, J., Baskaran M., Kumar A., Bilhan O., Miller, C. (2020) Reconstruction of Temporal Variations of Metal Concentrations using Radiochronology (239+240Pu and 137Cs) in Sediments from Kizilirmak River, Turkey. Journal of Paleolimnology. DOI: 10.1007/s10933-020-00154-w

Hu, T., Wang, C. and Miller, C. (2021) Identification of Marginal Generation Units Based on Publicly Available Information. Applied Energy. 281, DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2020.116073

Steis Thorsby, J., Miller, C. J., Treemore-Spears, L. (2020) The Role of Green Infrastructure in Flood Mitigation (Detroit, MI, USA) – Case Study. Urban Water Journal. DOI: 10.1080/1573062x.2020.1823429

Allan, D., Miller, C. (2020) An Evaluation of Stressor Interactions in the Great Lakes, The International Joint Commission (IJC) Science Advisory Board Publication.

Vasquez, A., Kabalan,, B., Ram, J., Miller, C. (2020) The Biodiversity of Water Mites That Prey on and Parasitize Mosquitoes, Diversity, Online Edition, MDPI. P. 226.

Barkach, J. H., Miller, C., Selegean, J. P., Bradley, E. A. (2020) Comparison of Watershed Sediment Delivery Estimates of 60 Michigan Rivers Using the USACE Great Lakes Regional Trendline and the Syvitski and Milliman Global BQART Equation. Journal of Hydrology, p 582.

Sadatiyan, S. Mohsen, Miller, C.J. (2019) PEPSO: Reducing Electricity Usage and Associated Pollution Emissions of Water, Advanced Hydroinformatic Techniques for the Simulation and Analysis of Water Supply and Distribution Systems (pp. 140-157), Online Edition, MDPI.

Rouholamini, M., Miller, C. J., Wang, C. (2019) Determining consumer's carbon emission obligation through virtual emission tracing in power systems. Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy, 39, 1.

(Best Paper Award) Bilhan, O., Aydin, M.C., Emiroglu, M.E., Miller, C.J. (2018) Experimental and CFD Analysis of Circular Labyrinth Weirs. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering, 144, 6, DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE) IR.1943-4774.0001301.

Bilhan, O., Emiroglu, M. E., Miller, C. J., Ulas, M. (2018) The evaluation of the effect of nappe breakers on the discharge capacity of trapezoidal labyrinth weirs by ELM and SVR approaches. Flow Measurement and Instrumentation, 64, 71-82.

Xu, L., Miller, C.J., Olson, J. et al. (2018) Huron-to-Erie Water Quality Data Platform. Environmental Processes. 5, 465.

Sadatiyan, S. M., Miller, C. J. (2017). PEPSO: Reducing Electricity Usage and Associated Pollution Emissions of Water Pumps. Water, 9, 9, 640.

Alighalehbabakhani, F., Miller, C.J., Baskaran, M., Selegean, J., Barkach, J., Dahl, T., Abkenar, S.M. (2017). Forecasting the remaining reservoir capacity in the Laurentian Great Lakes watershed, Journal of Hydrology, 555, 926-937,

Zhao, Z., Wang, C., Wang, Y., Miller, C.J. (2017). Temporal and Spatial Load Management for Cost and Emission Reduction, Canadian Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering (CJECE), 40, 2, 83-92.

Mao, X., Miller, C., Zheng, X., Zhou, L. (2017). Cement Improved Highly Weathered Phyllite for Highway Subgrades: a case study in Shaanxi Province, Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, 4, 4, 403-411.

Alighalehbabakhani, F., Miller, C.J., Selegean, J.P., Barkach, J., Sadatiyan Abkenar, S. M., Dahl, T., Baskaran, M. (2016). Estimates of sediment trapping rates for two reservoirs in the Lake Erie watershed: Past and present scenarios. Journal of Hydrology, 544, 147–155. 0022-1694/ 2016 Elsevier.

Watson, S., Miller, C.J., Arhonditsis, G., et al. (2016). The re-eutrophication of Lake Erie: Harmful algal blooms and hypoxia. Harmful Algae, 56, 44-66.

Bilhan, O., Emiroglu, M.E., Miller, C.J. (2016). Experimental Investigation of Discharge Capacity of Labyrinth Weirs with and without Nappe Breakers. World Journal of Mechanics, 6, 207-221.

Calappi, T., Miller, C. (2016). Decay of Pressure Fluctuation in the Hyporheic Zone around a Cylinder. World Journal of Mechanics, 6, 159-168. doi: 10.4236/wjm.2016.64013.

Treemore-Spears, L. J., Grove, J. M., Harris, C. K., Lemke, L. D., Miller, C. J., Pothukuchi, K., Zhang, Y., Zhang, Y. L. (2016). A workshop on transitioning cities at the food-energy-water nexus, Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, 6, 1, 90-103.

Kumar, A., Hage-Hassan, J., Baskaran, M., Miller, C.J., Selegean, J.P., Creech, C.T. (2016). Multiple sediment cores from reservoirs are needed to reconstruct recent watershed changes from stable isotopes (δ13C and δ15N) and C/N ratios: case studies from the midwestern United States. Journal of Paleolimnology, 56, 15-31, doi: 10.1007/s10933-016-9888-0.


Professional Affiliations

  • Registered Professional Engineer (PE), Michigan
  • Chair, State of Michigan Board of Professional Engineers, 2002-03

Awards and Honors

  • UM Chapter, Chi Epsilon, Honorary Member, April 2020
  • Board Member – Water Environment Research Foundation, 2015 – present
  • National Academy of Sciences Invited Speaker, May 2014
  • Guest Editor – Sustainable Computing (Elsevier), Special Issue on Water&Energy, 2014
  • Fellow - Engineering Society of Detroit, Inducted as Fellow, June 2012
  • Member - Tau Beta Pi - National Engineering Honor Society
  • Member - Sigma Xi
  • Career Development Chair Award, WSU



• CE 5410: Energy Emission Environment
• Honors 1000: City (1)
• BE 1200: Introduction to Engineering Design
• CEE 3250: Fluid Mechanics
• CEE 4995: Senior Capstone Design (shared among faculty)
• CEE 6130: Engineering Hydraulics (Open Channel Flow)
• CEE 6190: Groundwater Hydraulics
• CEE 6270: Environmental Management and Sustainable Development
• CEE 6580: GeoEnvironmental Engineering and Remediation
• CEE 7190: Advanced Groundwater Hydraulics
• FPH 7420: Water Infrastructure and Public Health (Lectures)
• Directed study at undergraduate, graduate and doctoral levels