Celestine Aguwa Ph.D.

Celestine Aguwa Ph.D.

Associate Professor Research, Industrial & Systems Engineering

(313) 577-4007

< View all profiles

Celestine Aguwa Ph.D.




 Dr. Aguwa's current research interest is in Healthcare Systems Engineering. He also has extensive industrial experience at Ford Motor Company, where he received an US patent for the e-Workcell software tool.

Courses Taught:

Facilities Design and Material Flow
Developed class curriculum for -- Digital Automation --
Advanced Digital Automation and Production Systems
Flexible Manufacturing Systems
Probability and Statistics for Engineers
Lean Product Development (PD)

Co-lead: PhD Seminar in Virtual PD and Manufacturing

Research adviser to seven graduate students 


  1. Celestine Aguwa, Leslie Monplaisir, Prasanth Achuthamenon Sylajakumari, and Ram Kumar Muni; Integrated Fuzzy-Based Modular Architecture for Medical Device Design and Development, ASME Journal of Medical Devices, Vol. 4, Iss. 3., September 2010.
  2. Oleg Gusikhin, Erica Klampfl, Giuseppe Rossi, Celestine Aguwa, Gene Coffman, Terry Martinak, e-Workcell: "A Virtual Reality Web-based Decision Support System for Assembly Line Planning", J. Filipe (ed.) "Enterprise Information Systems" vol. IV Kluwer, 2003.
  3. Oleg Gusikhin, Erica Klampfl, Giuseppe Rossi, Celestine Aguwa, Gene Coffman, Terry Martinak, Interactive Planning and Optimization of Workcell Layouts in an Automotive Assembly Line Environment, Ford Technical Journal, Vol. 5, No. 2, March 2002.
  4. Celestine Aguwa, Leslie Monplaisir, Roberto Gomez and Sithanandham Jeevanandam; Voice of the Customer: Customer Satisfaction Ratio Based Analysis, Quality Engineering Journal; 2010; Submitted.
  5. Celestine Aguwa, Leslie Monplaisir, and Prasanth Achuthamenon Sylajakumari; Rules Modification on a Fuzzy-Based Modular Architecture for Medical Device Design and Development, IEE Transactions on Healthcare Systems Engineering; 2010; Submitted.
  6. Celestine Aguwa, Leslie Monplaisir, and Prasanth Achuthamenon Sylajakumari; Effects of ratingsModification on a Fuzzy-Based Modular Architecture for Medical Device Design and Development, ASME Journal of Medical Devices; 2010; (Submitted 11/2/2010).
  7. Mukasa E. Ssemakula, Gene Liao, R. Darin Ellis, Kyoung-Yun Kim, and Celestine Aguwa, and Shlomo Sawilowsky; Manufacturing Integrated Learning Laboratory (MILL):A Framework for Development of Core Competencies in Engineering Curricula, International Journal of Engineering Education (Submitted 4/15/2010) 

Papers and Conferences

  1. Oleg Gusikhin, Erica Klampfl, Giuseppe Rossi, Celestine Aguwa, Gene Coffman, Terry Martinak, "Virtual Reality Web-Based Environment For Workcell Planning in an Automotive Assembly", Proceedings of 4th International Conference on Enterprise Information Systems, Vol.1, Spain, April 2002.
  1. Erica Klampfl, Oleg Gusikhin, Giuseppe Rossi, Celestine Aguwa, Gene Coffman, Terry Martinak, "Work cell layout optimization in Automotive Assembly", abstract appeared in the 2002 IFORS Sixteenth triennial conference of the International Federation of Operational Research Societies, pg 18.
  2. Celestine C. Aguwa, Bopaya Bidanda, Bart O. Nnaji, Shared Manufacturing in Developing Countries An African Perspective, Conference Proceedings, Fourth Africa-USA International Conference on Manufacturing Technology at Holiday Inn, Pittsburgh. (8/11-14/97), p112-119.
  3. Celestine C. Aguwa, Bopaya Bidanda, Bart O. Nnaji, A Manufacturing Modernization Model for Developing Countries A Nigerian Perspective, Conference Proceedings, Fifth Africa-USA International Conference on Manufacturing Technology at Nicon Noga Hilton Hotel, Abuja, Nigeria. (July 10-14, 2000), p64-71.
  4. Celestine Aguwa and Leslie Monplaisir, Fuzzy-Based Collaborative Modular Architecture for Medical Device Design and Development, Transactions of the ASME Journal of Medical Devices, Vol. 4 / 027537-1, June 2010.
  5. Celestine Aguwa, Leslie Monplaisir, Prasanth Achuthamenon Sylajakumari, and Ram Kumar Muni; Integrated Fuzzy-Based Modular Architecture for Medical Device Design and Development, Poster presentation at Medical Device Design Conference; Minneapolis, MN; April 13-15, 2010.
  6. Celestine C. Aguwa, and Leslie Monplaisir, Collaborative Architecture framework for the Design & Manufacturing of Medical Devices Proceeding of PICMET 09 Conference, Portland, OR August 2-6, 2009, p2246-2249.
  7. Celestine C. Aguwa, and Leslie Monplaisir, Modular Architecture for Medical Device Design & Manufacturing abstract Conference Proceedings IIE Annual Conference, Miami May30-June 3, 2009.
  8. Celestine C. Aguwa, and Bart O. Nnaji, ProMod-S: Poster Presentation, 1999 NSF Design & Manufacturing Grantees Conference, 1/5-8/99, Long Beach, CA.

Awards and Honors

United States Patent # US7092854B2 for eWorkcell design (2006)
Technical Excellence Award (AMTD, Ford Motor Company, 2002)
Operational Excellence Award (AMTD, Ford Motor Company, 2002)
Academic Scholarship Award (Imo State, Nigeria, 1977)
Federal Government of Nigeria Academic Merit Award (1980) 

Other Professional Experience

Visiting Assistant Professor Industrial & Manufacturing Engineering, 9/07 Present.

FORD MOTOR COMPANY, Dearborn, MI. - 1/01 - 7/08.

Research Highlights:
Variability Assessment Ford Motor Company; 2007 2008.
This targeted the development of tools and methods to accurately predict the behavior and effect of randomness, and predictable manufacturing variability of parts on assembly feasibility. This enhanced the company's Virtual Build Process by integrating it in the analysis requirements.
Flexible Parts Modeling Research Ford Motor Company; 2007 2008.
This research was part of a project that was tasked to develop tools and methods that studied the effect of flexible parts on assembly flexibility. Specifically, evaluate the effects of the design of a flexible product/part on assembly to predict and capture manufacturing issues related to such parts.
eWorkcell research work Ford Motor Company; 2005-2007.
This research addressed a new interactive software tool that plans and optimizes the layout of workcells in an automotive assembly line environment. The new tool integrates a web-based client server architecture, a Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML) interface, and mathematical algorithms capable of both computing the total time required to complete a given sequence of tasks within a workcell and optimizing workcell layouts. This has been integrated into a system level company tool, GPASS.

Manufacturing Development Engineer / Quality(Matrix) Manager:

  • At Advanced Engineering Technology, I worked on Virtual Manufacturing Concept for product development and manufacturing optimization. Other research projects include global C3P NG alignment for product lifecycle assessment and computer aided engineering.
  • Single point of contact for Global Computer Aided Engineering (CAE) in manufacturing, responsible for coordinating CAE global activities in terms of projects activities, CAE reinvestment, and analytical assessment with the objective to physical test reduction.
  • Project lead dealing with variability in Virtual Manufacturing Process; collaborated with Wayne State University. This was a research aimed at developing tools and methods that closed the process gap in predicting the manufacturing issues associated with variability.
  • Co-led, and managed a global C3P NG alignment within the company. The team was involved with the development and coordination of a global C3P process.
  • Project lead in Flexible modeling project, including funding development strategy research and development of tools that detect possible manufacturing issues associated with flexible parts and assemblies.
  • Manufacturing lead for DIAS (Digital Innovate and Activate Support System) tool application in Virtual Build process, in alignment with Product Development.
  • At New Model Program, I was responsible for developing quality matrices and processes for monitoring voice of the customer to achieve desired outcomes in areas such as Things Gone Wrong, customer satisfaction index, and JD Powers.
  • Responsible for all plant support and overall launch activity per cost, quality, and timing improvement for vehicles above. Challenged with turning around the company's decline in market share primarily due to quality issues.
  • Led eight engineers in resolving quality issues, resulting in a remarkable improvement in the reduction of "Things Gone Wrong" (TGW) and "warranty costs" as indicated in the "Three Months in Service" (3-MIS) data.
  • Served as launch team member tasked with providing support for the launch of the 2008 Super Duty Trucks (Kentucky Truck Plant) .
  • Developed successful process of customer based quality clinic aimed at continuous quality improvement of preproduction vehicles.
  • Conceived the development and replication of a customer focused DNA on all programs for improved driver vehicle issue identification and resolution.
  • Created Powertrain NVH QOS process for the Fleet. Functioned as team leader on Idle and Wide Open Throttle testing on preproduction vehicles.
  • Responsible for the management of quality improvement and 3 MIS TGW on New Model Programs (The 2007 Escape, Mariner, Sports Trac, Mountaineer, Explorer, and 2008 Escape replacement). This entailed issues identification and resolution of preproduction customer concerns prior to production.
  • During my stay at Advanced Manufacturing and Technical Development (Vehicle Operations and Powertrain), I was the project lead that developed e-Workcell tool for plant layout design, analysis, and application, which currently enables the reduction of non-value added times and serves as a teaching apparatus for plant workers. (Patent #US7092854B2).
  • Served as a team member responsible for the development of a Virtual Center Strategy at Vehicle Operations (VO). Worked with Powertrain (PTO) management and formulated and defined a strategy for its virtual manufacturing (VM) process map.


Assistant Laboratory Manager - Automation and Robotics Laboratory, 8/97 12/00.

  • Served as project leader for several projects such as ProMod-S, PAM, and Pegasus Designer System. Responsible for facilitating an environment conducive for productive research and education, including establishing a team environment for projects performed in the laboratory. Managed research projects, ensuring achievement of due dates.

Teaching Assistant, 8/99 12/00.
Computer Aided Manufacturing (Fall 2000).
Probability and Statistics for Engineers I. (Summer 2000).

  • Taught a class (Recitation/Laboratory) of about twenty undergraduate students, provided and graded weekly quiz, and graded students' homework. Developed and taught Statistics class during 2000 summer semester. This involved managing and guiding the students to achieve their potential.

Introduction to Manufacturing Systems (Graduate level - 1/99 5/99).
Manufacturing Processes and Analysis (undergraduate - 1/99 5/99).

  • Assisted the professor in the administrative part of the coursework including guiding students in their coursework and grading their homework.

Graduate Research Assistant, 8/96 12/00.
Automation and Robotics Laboratory (ARL).

  • Conducted research and development of Design optimization engine for mechanically Engineered Products.
  • Participated and assisted in the development of ProMod-S/PAM. ProMod-S is an integrated product modeling and fabrication system for sheet metal products that utilizes feature-based design, geometric reasoning, and computational geometry methods to provide a concurrent engineering environment. Product Assembly Modeler utilizes spatial relationships, tolerance specifications and dimensional constraints to capture the product specifications.
  • Participated in proposal writing of several NSF funded projects such as ProMod-S and PAM, technical papers and presentations.
  • Coordinated conference for the Fourth Africa-USA International Conference on Manufacturing Technology at Holiday Inn, Pittsburgh. (8/11-14/97).


Graduate Research Assistant, 8/93 7/96.
Automation and Robotics Laboratory.

  • Conducted research on Spatial Kinematics Modeling and Analysis of Spherical and Cylindrical joints and its Applications in Automated Assembly Systems. This was part of my Masters degree thesis.

ARCHITECTS RASMUSSEN TRIEBELHORN, 9 St. Helen Ave., Tacoma, WA 98402. 9/91 8/93:

  • Designer specializing in penal architecture and wastewater treatment plants. Responsible for information gathering and analysis, schematic design and cost estimating, program scheduling, design development, production of construction documents, CAD, and coordination of consultants, such as electrical, structural, and mechanical. Projects included: Yelm Waste Water Treatment Plant and Tacoma Waste Water Treatment Plant. Responsible for organizing office control documents and project standards.


Ph.D., Industrial Engineering, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, December 2000. Dissertation Topic: Design Optimization of Mechanically Engineered Products: Capturing Design for Manufacturing and Assembly Constraints, (case study: automotive integrated rotor/hub brake system).
MSIE, Industrial Engineering and Operations Research, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA, February 1997. Thesis Topic: Spatial Kinematics Modeling and Analysis of Spherical and Cylindrical joints and its Application in Automated Assembly Systems. Concentration: CAD/CAM, Manufacturing, Mechanical Design and Analysis.
Alpha Pi Mu National Industrial Engineering Honor Society -- 12/13/1995.
B.Arch., (Architecture), University of Nigeria, Enugu, December 1983. Thesis Topic: CIGMACO: Cigarette Manufacturing Company (facility Design). Concentration: Design facilities layout planning.
Further Development: Kauffman Entrepreneur Internship Program.

Research Interests

Voice of the Customer (VOC) Analysis- data mapping to engineering input: {PI: Dr. Celestine Aguwa}; 2010 - Current
This research maps customer feedback to engineering input. It takes the customer input through data mining/clustering and calculates a threshold value, customer satisfaction ratio (CSR). This threshold is interpreted to accurately reflect customer needs and wants in the design input (correlation between the output to the design input).

Collaborative Architecture Framework for the Design & Development of Medical Devices:{PI: Dr. Celestine Aguwa (NSF-Submitted Feb 2010)}; 2008 - Current
The research focus is on collaborative work by developing modular architecture framework, virtual product development and manufacturing concept, and data management system to address the medical device design, safety, quality and reliability.

Collaborative Research: Antenatal Management in a Developing Country; Patients Perspective of Healthcare Provider-Patient Relationship Issues, and Policy Implication: {PI: Dr. Celestine Aguwa}(Bill &Melinda Gates Foundation - Letter of Inquiry submitted 12/2009): 2009 - Current
The research goal is to assess patients views of provider-patient relationship issues, and inform public policy on the need for legislation that will protect women's rights during antenatal care. A parallel study is performed on post natal provider-patient relationship issues, and finally, a comparative analysis between these provider-patient relationship issues in developing and developed countries.

Collaborative Research: A Flexible Adaptation Framework for Implementing Learning Factory Based Manufacturing Education:{Faculty Associate: Dr. Celestine Aguwa}-National Science Foundation(NSF); 2008 - Current
The objective is to create an integrated practice-based engineering curriculum that balances analytical and theoretical knowledge with physical facilities for product realization in an industrial-like setting.

Professional Affiliations

Society of Manufacturing Engineers (SME)
Institute of Industrial Engineers (IIE)
American Institute of Architects (AIA) Associate
Nigerian Institute of Architects (NIA)
Beta Sigma Fraternity University of Nigeria