What is computer science?

Computer scientists primarily work in the field of computer software and systems and have a deep knowledge of computational theory, design, development and application. The need for computer scientists has grown as technology advances and becomes more integrated into daily life. The study of computer science has many branches, including artificial intelligence, software engineering, programming and computer graphics.

How is computer science different from information technology?

Computer science focuses on the theory and practice of creating computer programs, systems and applications to apply these areas to produce computing-based solutions. Information technology focuses on the selection, application and integration of computer programs and systems to accomplish user goals.

What skills are needed to be successful in this field?

Computer science

  • Problem solving skills
  • Advanced programming skills
  • Understanding of complex mathematics
  • Knowledge of programming languages
  • Knowledge of computer systems
  • Strong math background

Information technology

  • Problem solving skills
  • Basic programming skills
  • Knowledge of computer networks and systems
  • Understanding of business processes and structures


Computer science bachelor's degree career outlook


According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, employment in the computer and information technology field is projected to grow 15% from 2021 to 2031, much faster than the national average. Additionally, the median annual wage was $97,430 in May 2021.

Computer science

  • Software engineering
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Cyber security
  • Machine learning
  • Programming
  • Data science
  • Software development
  • Database administration
  • Game design
  • Systems analysis
  • Mobile app development

Information technology

  • Web development
  • Desktop support
  • Network administration
  • Applications analysis
  • Server administration
  • Digital remote support
  • IT help desk
  • Information security auditing
  • Software support
  • Business analysis
  • Security architecture

Wayne State offers an innovative education focused on the fundamentals of computer science while emphasizing new technologies so that graduates are ready to step right into careers. A number of global industry leaders many located right down the street from the university consistently look to hire Wayne State computer science graduates.